Ajuntament de Barcelona

Pinus pinea

Mossèn Cinto Verdaguer Garden

    Catalan name: 
    Pi pinyer
    Spanish name: 
    Pino piñonero
    English name: 
    Parasol pine

    According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), the conservation status of this plant is least concern.

    Species characteristics
    Mediterranean area
    Silicic soils to a height of 1,200 m

    Perennial tree 10-25 m tall, with a single trunk (divided into same thickness branches) and wide rounded or umbrella-shaped crown, 6-12 m in diameter. The greyish dun bark is very thick and cracked, coming off into big sheets that leave reddish marks.

    The leaves are long and thin aciculas (8-10 cm long, although they can reach 20 cm, and 0.15-0.2 cm thick), appearing into pairs. Although they are flexible and curved, they are sharp. Its colour varies according the tree age: greyish-green when young and vivid light or dark green when adult, depending on the varieties.

    The masculine flowers, cylindrical appear into elongate bright yellow dense catkins, while the feminine ones, yellowish green coloured, are grouped into reddish brown cones.

    The fruits are bright ovate spherical cones, 8-14 cm long and 7-10 cm wide, with reddish brown swollen scales that contain the seeds (the pine nuts). Unlike other pines, the cones of which ripen after two years, the parasol pine's cones do it in the third year.

    Flowering time: 
    Fruiting time: 
    Late summer
    Uses and properties: 

    Parasol Pine nut production is the main use for this tree. Nuts are edible fresh from the tree and widely used in pastry.

    Wood from the tree, because of its tendency to compression, make it a bad candidate for carpentry but very useful as fuel in minery and in construction.

    It has a great value as a decoration tree and its coup is tied to the landscape in the Mediterranean seashore.

    It cannot tolerate cold weather, not to mention freeze conditions.

    History and curiosities: 

    The scientific name, Pinus pinea, consists of the genus name Pinus, from the Latin pinus, "pino", and the Latin term pinea, "relating to the pines".

    The parasol pine, an indigenous species of the Mediterranean forest, is a very long-lived tree that can live up to 500 years.

    For further information: 

    LÓPEZ GONZÁLEZ, Ginés A. Los árboles y arbustos de la Península Ibérica e Islas Baleares. (2 vol.) Madrid: Mundi-Prensa, 2001