Ajuntament de Barcelona

Cedrus deodara

Mossèn Cinto Verdaguer Garden

    Catalan name: 
    Cedre de l´Himàlaia
    Spanish name: 
    Cedro del Himalaya
    English name: 
    Deodar cedar
    Observations: 

    According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), the conservation status of this plant is least concern.

    Species characteristics
    Family: 
    Pinàcies
    Origin: 
    Afghanistan and Western Himalaya Mountains
    Habitat: 
    Soils at a height from 1,000 to 3,500 m
    Characteristics: 

    Perennial tree 40-50 m tall, although it can reach 70 m, with pyramid crown. The branches are hanging and horizontal and have drooping apices. The dark grey bark comes out into irregular flakes.

    The leaves, 2.5-5 cm long (occasionally up to 7 cm) are thin flexible narrow aciculas (1 mm wide); they are silver green or bright greyish-green. The masculine flowers, 3-6 cm long, are isolated, cyllindrical and light pink or yellowish. The feminine ones appear into small reddish or light green pine cones, 1 cm long.

    The fruits are erect ovoid cones, 7-13 cm long and 5-9 cm wide, with rounded apex and winged seeds.

    Flowering time: 
    Autumn
    Fruiting time: 
    Autumn-winter
    Uses and properties: 

    Himalayan Cedar wood is very appreciated because of its pleasant odor and its strength and is used both in construction and perfume industry since an antiseptic essence can be obtained from the wood.

    A classical tree in gardens because of its appearance and the colour of the leaves, several species are harvested.

    History and curiosities: 

    The scientific name, Cedrus deodara, consists of the genus name Cedrus, from the Latin cedrus, "cedar", and the term deodara, adaptation of the Sanskrit devadāru, "gods' tree", coming from deva, "god, deity", and dāru, "wood, tree".

    Among the Hindus, the deodar cedar is considered a holy tree, associated to Shiva's cult.

    The deodar cedar is the national tree of Pakistan.

    For further information: 

    LÓPEZ GONZÁLEZ, Ginés A. Los árboles y arbustos de la Península Ibérica e Islas Baleares. (2 vol.) Madrid: Mundi-Prensa, 2001

    THE ROYAL HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY. Enciclopedia de plantas y flores. Barcelona: Grijalbo, 1996

    http://www.rhs.org.uk