Ajuntament de Barcelona

Miscanthus sinensis

Joan Brossa Garden

    Catalan name: 
    Spanish name: 
    English name: 
    Botanical synonyms: 
    Erianthus japonicus, Eulalia japonica, Miscanthus japonicus, Ripidium japonicum, Saccharum japonicum, Xiphagrostis japonicus
    Species characteristics
    Eastern Asia
    Stands, and road and path sides

    Perennial herb with stems 0.8-2 m tall (occasionally it can reach 4 m), forming dense bushes with rhizomas (underground growing stems ressembling roots).

    The leaves are long and narrow (18-75 cm long and 0.3-2 cm wide), with pointed tips and rough margins. They grow straight, but they tend to bend because of their lenght. The central nervation is silver.

    The flowers, from silver to purple, appear intofan-shaped panicles (bunch where the branches are also ramified into bunches) 60 cm long which remain under the foliage.

    Flowering time: 
    Late summer
    Uses and properties: 

    Eulalia is used in gardening as a decoration plant because of the spectacularity of the plant, with various colours depending on the variations.

    History and curiosities: 

    The scientific name, Miscanthus sinensis, consists of the genus name Miscanthus, coming from the Greek words μίσχος, “stem”, and ἄνθος, “flower”, and the Latin term sinensis, “Chinese”, in allusion to the plant origin.

    The eulalia was introduced into Europe in the 19th c. with ornamental purposes.

    Its high inflammability increases severely the fire hazard in the areas where it is found.

    For further information: 

    THE ROYAL HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY. Enciclopedia de plantas y flores. Barcelona: Grijalbo, 1996