Ajuntament de Barcelona

Lophostemon confertus

Jardins de Miramar i camí dels Cims

    English name: 
    Brush box
    Botanical synonyms: 
    Tristania conferta, Melaleuca conferta, Lophostemon arborescens
    Species characteristics
    Family: 
    Myrtaceae
    Origin: 
    Australia
    Habitat: 
    Humid forests in temperate areas
    Characteristics: 

    Perennial tree 15-30 m tall, with usually oval crown (the shape varies from round to pyramid), 7.5 m in diameter. The bark is light or reddish brown and spotted and it comes off in flakes.

    The leaves, 10-15 cm long, are alternate and appear at the end of the branches. They are bright green (the young ones have a slight reddish shade).

    The small white or yellow flowers have a tubular or bell-shaped calyx formed by 5 short lobes curts and a corolla formed by 5 superimposed petals. They appear into axillary inflorescences 5-10 cm.

    The fruits are dehiscent (they open spontaneously to release the seeds) capsules with three brown valves.

    Flowering time: 
    July-August
    Fruiting time: 
    Autumn
    Uses and properties: 

    This tree is mainly used in urban landscaping because of its strength, resilience to diseases and pathogens, high tolerance to air pollution, low maintenance cost...

    History and curiosities: 

    The scientific name, Lophostemon confertus, consists of the genus name Lophostemon, coming from the Latin word lophos, “crest”, and the Greek στημων, “stamen”, and the Latin term confertus, “full”.

    In Barcelona, it is only found at Miramar and the Botanical Garden.