Ajuntament de Barcelona

Prunus cerasifera 'Pissardii'

Miramar Garden and Camí dels Cims

    Catalan name: 
    Prunera de fulles vermelles
    Spanish name: 
    Ciruelo rojo
    English name: 
    Cherry plum
    Botanical synonyms: 
    Prunus cerasifera subsp. pissardii
    Species characteristics
    Family: 
    Rosaceae
    Origin: 
    Western Asia
    Habitat: 
    Gardens
    Characteristics: 

    Deciduous tree 6-7 m tall, although it can reach 15 m, with open upward crown. The bark is smooth and dark and the crown is wide and rounded.

    The leaves, 4-6 cm long, are simple and alternate. Their shape is oval or elliptical and they have jagged margin and acute apex. They are smooth, except the central nerve on the lower side, and green, becoming a wine shade in autumn.

    The white or pink flowers, 1.5-2 cm long, are solitary and appear before than the leaves.

    The fruits are reddish-yellowish edible drupes, 2-3 cm in diameter.

    Flowering time: 
    March-May
    Fruiting time: 
    Summer-autumn
    Uses and properties: 

    Cherry Plum is very popular as a decoration tree for gardens because of its appearance, the colour of its flowers and its early blossoming before leaves appear.

    Its fruits are edible, either as a fresh fruit or as an ingredient for melmelades.

    History and curiosities: 

    The scientific name, Prunus cerasifera, consists of the genus name Prunus, coming from from the Latin prunus, “plum tree”, and the Latin term cerasifera, “one that has cherries”, coming from cerasus, “cherry tree”, and in allusion to the small cherries of the tree. The name of the cultivar (cultivated variety of a plant) Pissardii refers to Monsieur Pissard, French gardener who worked for the sha of Persia and brought the cherry plum tree cultivation in West. In 1878, Pissard found a cherry plum tree at the royal gardens of Tabriz and sent material to France in order to cultivate it. The French botanist Élie Abel Carrière (1818-1896) was responsible for naming the cultivar.

    In Barcelona, it is common at streets and squares.

    For further information: 

    LÓPEZ GONZÁLEZ, Ginés A. Los árboles y arbustos de la Península Ibérica e Islas Baleares. (2 vol.) Madrid: Mundi-Prensa, 2001

    THE ROYAL HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY. Enciclopedia de plantas y flores. Barcelona: Grijalbo, 1996

    http://www.asturnatura.com

    http://www.rhs.org.uk