Ajuntament de Barcelona

Tecoma stans

Miramar Garden and Camí dels Cims

    Spanish name: 
    Arbusto de las trompetas
    English name: 
    Trumpet bush
    Botanical synonyms: 
    Bignonia stans, Stenolobium stans
    Species characteristics
    Family: 
    Bignoniaceae
    Origin: 
    America (from Arizona and Texas to Northern Argentina)
    Habitat: 
    Dry valleys at a high height and intertropical coastal forests
    Characteristics: 

    Deciduous shrub 4-5 m tall, although it can reach 8 m, with rough bark and rounded branches.

    The leaves are pinnate compound, with 3-9 leaflets (occasionally, 13) 4-10 cm long and 1-4 cm wide. They have membranous texture and a slight hairness, mainly on the nervations. Its shape is lanceolate and the margins are serrate.

    The flowers, which appear into dense terminal or subterminal bunches,have a tubular bell-shaped corolla formed by yellow petals 3.5-7 cm long.

    The fruits are elongated capsules, 7-21 cm, with brownish sheaths and winged seeds.

    Flowering time: 
    Spring-summer
    Fruiting time: 
    Autumn
    Uses and properties: 

    Its wood is used in carpentry and cabinet making as well as knurling.

    Tea made with its roots is used also in popular medicine.

    Used in gardening because of its beauty flowers.

    History and curiosities: 

    The scientific name, Tecoma stans, consists of the genus name Tecoma, coming from the word tecomaxochitl, Nahuatl name of the plant, and the Latin term stans, “erect”, probably in allusion to the inflorescences.

    The flower of this plant is the emblem flower of the Bahamas the American Virgin Islands.

    Rarely seen in Barcelona.

    For further information: 

    LÓPEZ GONZÁLEZ, Ginés A. Los árboles y arbustos de la Península Ibérica e Islas Baleares. (2 vol.) Madrid: Mundi-Prensa, 2001