Ajuntament de Barcelona

Miramar Garden

Miramar Garden was designed by the French engineer and town planner Jean-Claude-Nicolas Forestier (1861 – 1930), one of the best international landscapers of his time, who introduced the concept of Mediterranean gardens to Barcelona. It is one of the most charming spaces of Montjuïc, located at the Miramar terrace, a sightpoint over the harbour and Mossèn Costa i Llobera Garden.

This sightpoint, 60 m over the sea level, is also known as Plaça de l’Armada. The garden offers a superb 270º view over the town and has centenary trees and numerous very interesting species. They are structured into regular terraces, supported by walls (made with stone from Montjuïc itself) and forge rails; there are trees and several kinds of flower beds that are mainly planted with species from warm areas. The water pieces and the sculptures point to the main axis and the secondary ones.

Art and architecture

The hotel Miramar, being dominant on the terrace, was planned as a restaurant by the architect Ramon Raventós and was opened in 1929 on the occasion of the International Exposition. In 1959 it was transformed into the first headquarters of TVE (the Spanish television channel) in Catalonia until 1983. Finally, in 2006, it was recovered for the hotel industry.

The central part of the garden is a stone fountain surrounded by three feminine sculptures: by Josep Clarà (Fertilitat and Serenitat) and by Pau Gargallo (Pomona). Some years ago, the sculpture Serenitat was at Joan Maragall Garden, at the Palauet Albéniz, near the Olympic Stadium.

Vegetation

Along the main terrace, two rows of Phytolacca dioica specimens stand out. Those specimens were the first ones to be planted in Barcelona by Forestier. They are characterised by their spectacular trunks, shaped by the time, and they are catalogued as trees of local interest. On this area they are also remarkable the redvein abutilon (Abutilon striatum) and the trumpet bush (Tecoma stans), the daisy bush (Montanoa heracleifolia), the peach tree (Prunus persica), the wedding bells (Dombeya tiliacea), the lady of the night (Cestrum nocturnum), the cherry plum (Prunus cerasifera) and many other trees and bushes that are used in gardening with ornamental purposes, such as the brush box (Lophostemon confertus), the avocado tree (Persea americana), the angel’s trumpet (Brugmansia arborea), the Mexican bush mallow (Phymosia umbellata), the luckynut (Thevetia peruviana) and one chasteberry (Vitex agnus-castus), typical of the Mediterranean vegetation. The wooded terrace also has a splendid specimen of Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia), with sloping almost to the ground branches and trunk, and one African tamarisk (Tamarix africana), a common bush at near the sea torrents and arroyos, because it stands the saltiness.

History

Miramar development started out as landscaped viewpoint and as a link between the top part of the International Exposition (1929) and the maritime section, which, on the beginning, must to have access to the harbour. J.C.N. Forestier proposed a group of staircase shaped terraces that linked the former Plaça de l’Armada to the Passeig de Josep Carner. This work, which tried to give direct access to the hill from the coast, never was completely carried out because of different causes.

Characteristics

District Sants-Montjuïc
Address Plaça de l’Armada
Access Carretera de Miramar and Carretera de Montjuïc
Area 5,880 m2
Timetable All the day long
How to arrive http://www.tmb.cat/ca/home
Services  
Equipment Sculptures Fertilitat and Serenitat by Josep Clarà and Pomona by Pau Gargallo