Botanic itinerary around the thematic gardens of Montjuïc
Montjuïc, the mountain of Barcelona
Montjuïc is a lot more than the big rocky massif near the sea that gives a characteristic silhouette to Barcelona. It is full of signification for the people of Barcelona, a place that has been a silent witness to the history of Barcelona and a reflection of the town’s commitment to nature, the history, the culture and the sports. Montjuïc is the symbol of their citizen’s ability to survive and face the challenges and problems. In the last decades, it has gone from being considered a damned hill (the popular uprisings in the town were observed and suppressed from there) to be the pride of the people of Barcelona, one of the most notorious ensembles of the town patrimony and the outcome of its ability to imagine and to make new worlds come true. The Olympic Games in 1992 were one of the moments that give the hill most renown.
The names that have been applied to Montjuïc —ancestral home, essence, green crown... of the town— show the central place that the hill has in the collective imaginary.
Montjuïc, the ancestral home of Barcelona
At the beginning of the Miocene Era, several millions of years ago, a collapse of the coast caused that the flooding of the low areas by the coastline. Later, there was a tectonic uplifting that formed Montjuïc hill and, at the end of the Cenozoic Era, the sea turned it into an islet. The quaternary sediments, coming from the erosion rests that were left by torrents and rivers, were settled on the sea bottom, swept along by an ocean current. The coastline varied as the land reclaimed every time more space to the sea. This way, the plain of Barcelona was formed.
Thanks to its location, Montjuïc hill contributed to retain the sediments, consolidating at the same time the big plot and ancestral home over where Barcelona would be build. It also has become home of a very important ensemble of gardens, museums and sports and culture facilities.
Montjuïc, the essence of Barcelona
Because of its geological resources, Montjuïc was operated by many quarries since Iberian and Roman ages until 1957, when the stone extraction stopped. Montjuïc and its quarries are bonded to the history of the town, which was born and has grown at its foot: the quarries supplied Barcelona with stone until the 1950s and a big part of the buildings at Ciutat Vella and L’Eixample were built with stone coming from the hill.
Montjuïc, the green crown of Barcelona
Today, there are more than twenty parks and gardens at Montjuïc that show, from their diversity, a part of the urban and gardening history of Barcelona. The hill’s location, relief and geomorphology, as well as the different interventions that historically have been done there, have originated the huge variety of habitats that today are home of a big diversity of fauna and flora. There is a considerable variety of plants, both indigenous and coming from other world bi geographic areas, which make green spaces with different levels of intervention, from fields and small woods to very special gardens. The magnificent ensemble of spaces at the hill is, together with Collserola mountain range, one of the big green lungs of the town.
The botanic itinerary around Montjuïc
The botanic itinerary around Montjuïc propose a route through its main gardens. It uses the existent green corridors to discover to the visitor its ecologic, landscape, geologic, architectonic, historic and cultural values.
Live and enjoy the hill
It is intended to present Montjuïc as living patrimony of the town, in an experimental and recreational way.
Let yourself be guided
Visitors will receive permanent and up-to-date information by several means: web, mobile phone, information panels at the gardens, posters and brochures...
Personalise the itinerary
Before, during and after the itinerary, citizens and visitors will have a wide variety of resources and materials that will allow them to enjoy the experience according their profile and interests.
Share the experience
They would also have the possibility to exchange opinions and comments and to share experiences with other visitors.
Put into play your senses
The six routes of the itinerary —Porta de Montjuïc, Hortes de Sant Bertran and Forestier’s stairs, Mossèn Costa i Llobera Garden, Miramar Garden, Joan Brossa Garden and Mossèn Cinto Verdaguer Garden— allow the visitor to live a rich and interesting experience. At the end of the itinerary, the visitors will receive information to make optional visits to other green spaces.